Turning a blank outdoor canvas into a verdant masterpiece is a complex task in landscape design. While many of us dream of creating such masterpieces, making the dream a reality is often challenging. This is where the expertise of dependable landscapers comes into play. They blend art and science, passion and precision, all to transform every patch of earth they touch.

The Five Basic Elements of Landscape Design

To truly understand the intricacies of landscaping, one must delve into its foundational elements. Each element is critical to the overall design, like a symphony of notes. You’ll better appreciate the landscapes around you as we journey through each one.

1. Line

Lines are the silent directors of our visual experience. They shape our perspective and steer our focus.

Types of Lines:

  1. Horizontal: Think of serene lakeshores or the extended arms of oak branches, providing a sense of calmness.
  2. Vertical: Towering pines or artful trellises that reach for the skies, demanding our gaze upwards.
  3. Diagonal: Mountainsides or sloping gardens, infusing landscapes with energy.
  4. Curved: Winding garden paths or flowing streams, bringing grace and organic movement.

2. Form

Forms set the stage. Their shapes and configurations determine the play of light and shadow, influencing the mood of a space.

Balancing Forms:

  1. Use contrast to emphasize uniqueness.
  2. Repeated forms bring rhythm and familiarity, like a chorus in a song.
  3. Offset bold forms with subtle counterparts to create visual harmony.

Landscape designs suggest that the most captivating gardens often play with a mix of forms, creating a tapestry of exciting and comforting shapes.

3. Colour

Colour is the emotional heartbeat of a landscape. It can evoke calm, incite passion, or instil joy. But how can one master this vibrant aspect of design? Through tried-and-tested landscape design tips.

Colour Wheel Basics:

  1. Complementary: The fiery red of roses against a backdrop of deep green.
  2. Analogous: An autumn scene with oranges, yellows, and reds dancing together.
  3. Monochromatic: A serene Zen garden, playing with shades of green.

4. Texture

The silent storyteller of the landscape world, texture invites closer inspection. It beckons onlookers to experience the landscape not just visually but tactilely.


  1. Fine: Wispy grasses or delicate ferns that sway with the gentlest breeze.
  2. Medium: Like many flowering plants, standard flora forms the backbone of many gardens.
  3. Coarse: Bold, large-leaved plants like elephant ears, demanding immediate attention.

elements of landscape proportion

5. Scale/Proportion

Ensuring elements are in harmony requires a keen understanding of scale. From selecting the right-sized garden furniture to placing plants, proportionality is key. A misplaced item can overshadow its surroundings or seem lost, breaking the design’s harmony.

The Interplay of the Five Elements

A beautifully designed garden or yard isn’t the result of chance. It’s the harmonious integration of the line, form, colour, texture, and scale. Mastering the interplay of these landscaping principles separates a typical garden from a breathtaking landscape.


A captivating landscape orchestrates myriad elements, each tuned to perfection. Embracing landscaping principles ensures every choice and every design resonates with purpose. As you look to transform your space, always remember the intricacies that go into every masterpiece. And when you’re ready to bring that vision to life, the seasoned team at EHL Landscaping awaits your call.

Dreaming of a garden paradise? Dive deeper into the world of exquisite landscaping with EHL Landscaping. Contact us now!